As the world urbanises, so too does its conflicts; city centers and residential areas are being turned into battlefields and frontlines.
In an attempt to shed light on the devastating human toll of this type of conflict The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has released a special report: 'I saw my city die: voices from the front lines of urban conflict in Iraq, Syria and Yemen'.
The report which includes an immersive microsite examines the effects on civilians caught up in these conflicts through their first-hand accounts.
And the findings are disturbing.
The three conflicts in the report - Iraq, Syria and Yemen - account for around half of all conflict-related casualties worldwide between 2010 and 2015.
Some 17.5 million people have fled their homes, creating the largest global refugee and migration crisis since World War II. 11.5 million people - more than three people per minute - have fled their homes in Syria alone, since the start of the war.
It is not only lives and homes that are destroyed in these conflicts. The increasing use of explosive weapons that have wide impact areas, decimate the complex systems of services such as electricity, water, sanitation, garbage collection and health-care that civilians rely on to survive, making an eventual return to these cities even harder for those who have fled.
"The majority of people had very little choice and felt it was best to leave," said Marianne Gasser, Head of ICRC's Delegation in Syria. "Their houses were turned to rubble; there was very little food and no water or electricity. Not to mention the violence they had been witnessing for so long; no one could be expected to endure such suffering."